Hong Kong’s ‘One Nation, Two Methods’ freedoms threatened via China’s new safety legislation | International Information

China has announced new national security legislation for Hong Kong that could threaten the city’s traditional freedoms.

The law is widely drafted to cover any act “to split the country, subvert state power, organise and carry out terrorist activities and other behaviours that seriously endanger national security”, according to Xinhua, China‘s state news agency.

National security laws are routinely used on the Chinese mainland to jail critics of the ruling Communist Party.

HONG KONG, CHINA - AUGUST 31:  Protesters throw tear gas canisters back at police during an anti-government rally outside of Central Government Complex on August 31, 2019 in Hong Kong, China. Pro-democracy protesters have continued rallies on the streets of Hong Kong against a controversial extradition bill since 9 June as the city plunged into crisis after waves of demonstrations and several violent clashes. Hong Kong's Chief Executive Carrie Lam apologized for introducing the bill and declared it "dead", however protesters have continued to draw large crowds with demands for Lam's resignation and completely withdraw the bill. (Photo by Anthony Kwan/Getty Images)
Protesters throw tear gas canisters back at police during an anti-government rally in Hong Kong last summer

Hong Kong‘s Basic Law – the mini constitution adopted when it was handed over by the UK to China in 1997 – gives Hong Kongers the rights “of freedom of speech, of the press and of publication; freedom of association, of assembly, of procession and of demonstration” – rights which are not enjoyed in mainland China.

The arrangement is known as One Country, Two Systems – and the UK Foreign Office has said that it remains “committed” to respecting the model.

“We are following reports and monitoring the situation closely,” said a spokesman, responding to reports of the new Chinese security law.

“We expect China to respect Hong Kong’s rights and freedoms and high degree of autonomy.”

They added: “As a party to the Joint Declaration, the UK is committed to upholding Hong Kong’s autonomy and respecting the ‘One Country, Two Systems’ model.”

The draft legislation, presented at China’s National People’s Congress, which is meeting this week in Beijing, also specifies that China’s national security bodies – the Ministry of State Security (MSS) and the Ministry of the Public Security (MPS) – can set up “agencies” in Hong Kong to safeguard the law.

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Brawl in Hong Kong legislature over protests against pro-Beijing politician

If the MSS and MPS were to operate in Hong Kong as they do in China, it would effectively mean the end of the rule of law in Hong Kong.

Pro-democracy activists fear the new national security law could diminish Hong Kong’s traditional rights.

Joshua Wong, a prominent activist, told Sky News that the law would “lead to one country, one system”.

“We describe it as a security law for the interests of the Communist regime,” he said.

Joshua Wong says more protests will happen in Hong Kong

‘Hong Kong will never kowtow to Beijing’

Wang Chen, vice chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress, said the law was required because “activities” had “seriously challenged the bottom line of the ‘one country, two systems’ principle, harmed the rule of law, and threatened national sovereignty, security and development interests,” according to Xinhua.

He also cited Article 23 of Hong Kong’s Basic Law when introducing the new law.

Article 23 requires the Hong Kong government to pass its own national security law.

This has never come to pass and attempts to do so prompted huge protests in 2003.

President Xi Jinping (L) and Prime Minister Li Keqiang (R) stand in silent tribute
President Xi Jinping (L) and Prime Minister Li Keqiang (R) at China’s National People’s Congress meeting

Beijing had been content to leave the legislation to Hong Kong itself and the Basic Law says that Chinese national laws shall not be applied to Hong Kong apart from some limited exceptions listed in an Annex, such as the design of the national emblem and instructions for its use.

The new security legislation would be added to this annex, bypassing Hong Kong’s Legislative Council, although the council will be required to pass its own version of the law too.

Hong Kong faced upheaval last summer after protests against a proposed extradition bill between Hong Kong and mainland China, which was later abandoned.

The proposed security legislation is much more significant and is likely to face strong opposition in Hong Kong.

Pro-democracy activists during a rally in response to a proposal to enact new Hong Kong security legislation
Pro-democracy activists during a rally in response to a proposal to enact new Hong Kong security legislation

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US President Donald Trump had also warned that his administration would “react strongly” if the law was imposed, adding that a further statement would be issued at “an appropriate time”.

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