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At the Historical past of Chitral

Chitral is a mountainous nation within the north of Pakistan. It remained an unbiased kingdom for many of its identified historical past. The early historical past of this area is wrapped within the mist of antiquity. We will be able to acquire just a few fragments of it from the oral traditions, folks songs and scanty archeological stays. Contemporary archeological excavations have came upon graves bearing on the technology referred to as “Arian grave tradition”, which is estimated to be 4500 years previous. The graves disclose that the ones other people buried their lifeless with their property, reminiscent of jewellery, hands and utensils. Some Buddhist stays also are discovered more than a few portions of the rustic, appearing that this house used to be, no less than partly incorporated within the Buddhist international, all through the First Millennium.

In transparent distinction to its neighboring areas, Chitral has since lengthy been dominated by means of kings and petty chiefs. The idea that of authority or centralized rule used to be unknown the encompassing spaces until very fresh instances. Those areas have been most commonly acephalous or headless states. Some names of previous rulers are nonetheless remembered in traditions and folks stories like Bahman e Kohistani and Sumalik.

The earliest dynasty, which has were given ancient proof, is known as “The Raees”. Raeeses are most often believed to be of a Badakhshani beginning. This Dynasty dominated the rustic until the second part of the Eighteenth Century. All through the 16th Century, the Chagatai kingdom of Kasghar made inroads to Chitral, and it used to be at once dominated by means of the Chagatais for somewhat on occasion.

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Within the second part of the Eighteenth Century, a neighborhood circle of relatives belonging to the Mulkhow Valley of Chitral, all of a sudden larger their powers, culminating in a conflict with the then Raees Ruler, in the results of which the Raees Rule got here to an finish. The victorious sons of Muhammad Beig have been now grasp of the dominion, which prolonged to the now Ghizer District of the Gilgit-Baltistan Province of Pakistan. They partitioned the rustic amongst themselves and dominated it in peace for on occasion. Chitral, the principle seat of energy used to be occupied by means of the elder Muhtaram Shah Katur-I.

Then the Raeeses returned from Badakhshan and expelled them from Chitral. Participants of the shedding circle of relatives fled in all instructions. One in all them, Sangeen Ali reached the Mughal Courtroom of Dehli, and sought lend a hand from the Emperor, at the plea that he belonged to the similar line of Taimur (Tamerlane). The Emperor gave him some cash, with which, Sangeen Ali recruited mercenaries from Swat, and attacked Chitral by means of Bashqar Gol. After reconquering the rustic, he referred to as again the entire members of the family, and dominated it for a few years. The central throne of Chitral used to be occupied by means of the descendants of Katur-I and his brother Khushwaqt for alternately, till Muhtaram Shah Katur-II after all established himself company in Chitral. The road of Khushwaqt needed to be content material with the Mastuj district of Chitral and Ghizer.

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Each traces remained in endured struggle amongst themselves, till Amanul Mulk of the Katur line after all occupied the entire kingdom, deposing the remaining of the Khushwaqt Ruler in 1880s. The Khushwaqt line produced some ready warriors like Shah Faramurd, Suleiman Shah and Gouhar Aman. However those have been no fit of the suave rulers of the opposite line, like Katur-II and Amanul Mulk.

All through the reign of Amanul Mulk (1857-1892), Chitral turned into a bit of mountain kingdom, experiencing a protracted length of steadiness and peace for the primary time. Then again neighboring powers like Kabul, Kashmir, and Jandul have been threatening its very life. Amanul Mulk after all succumbed to it and needed to signal a treaty with Kashmir. Within the interim British additionally made overtures to Chitral. As Kashmir used to be itself a part of the British Empire, Chitral additionally got here beneath the British Suzerainty.

In 1892, the robust and sagacious ruler Amanul Mulk died. With none legislation of succession, a protracted struggle of succession ensued between his sons. One in all his brothers, Sher Afzal Khan additionally turned into a contender. Two different events, The British and Umera Khan of Jandul additionally turned into concerned. Lots of the Katur circle of relatives used to be annihilated, or exiled all through this fight. The British agent in Gilgit, Sir George Robertson used to be besieged within the Chitral Fortress for 47 days, after a lot lack of existence to his drive. In spite of everything he used to be rescued by means of two columns of British Pressure, one marching from Gilgit and the opposite from Peshawar. In 1895, Chitral officially turned into a part of the British Empire. They made Shujaul Mulk, a boy of fourteen, the Mehtar (Ruler) of Chitral, who used to be the one ultimate son of Amanul Mulk, eligible for accession. Shujaul Mulk, used to be not more unbiased as his forefathers, nonetheless he proved himself an ready ruler. He used to be adopted by means of his elder son, Muhammad Nasirul MUlk in 1836. Nasirul Mulk used to be scholarly particular person, with a school stage. He attempted to make Chitral trendy state. His labored so much for the training building of Chitral. His premature dying in 1943 proved a super setback for the rustic.

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With the departure of the British, Chitral opted to sign up for the newly created nation Pakista. From that day onward the independence of Chitral vanished all of a sudden, culminating its entire merger in Pakistan in 1969.

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